Travel medication addresses conditions and diseases that you acquire during your travel. It should always be part of your budget when you are travelling.
During travel, there are unforeseen conditions like injuries and diseases that you may acquire, and it is important for you to be aware of this potential occurrence. Preventative medications, general precautions, and immunisations should be addressed before you make a trip to different parts of the world.
Immunisations against malaria, altitude sickness, typhoid, yellow fever, meningococcal meningitis, hepatitis, tetanus, polio, traveller’s diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and hepatitis B should be acquired before visiting different countries.
You should also consider beverages, the food you take in different parts of the world, personal hygiene, insect bites and the weather of the different destination. If you have a severe medical condition such as diabetes and a heart problem, then special arrangements should be made before your travel.
CDC or Centre for Disease Control and Prevention advice people to pay a visit to a travel clinic for four to six weeks before making a trip. During this period, you will have ample time to get all the required immunisations since some of these immunisations may need several booster shots.
You should visit a travel clinic before your envisioned travel. It is essential to take some antimalarial drugs two weeks before you travel to an area that is prone to malaria attacks. Visiting the travel clinic early will allow you time to gather essential medical records before take-off.
Malaria, altitude sickness, typhoid, yellow fever, meningococcal meningitis, hepatitis, tetanus, polio, traveller’s diarrhoea, hepatitis A and hepatitis B are some of the most common diseases. The most common traveller’s disease is malaria. It is then followed by attitude sickness, traveller’s diarrhoea, typhoid fever and hepatitis. Most malarial travel clinics prescribe to a person planning to the tropical region’s antimalarial drugs before, during and after the trip.
Altitude sickness is caused by ascending to high places. While high up in the sky, you are rapidly exposed to low levels of oxygen intake. A traveller suffering from altitude sickness has trouble sleeping and also suffers from headaches, tiredness, dizziness and vomiting. By descending to a lower altitude and taking enough fluids, this sickness may die away. But in case it persists, one can take ibuprofen, dexamethasone or acetazolamide.
Another common disease is traveller’s diarrhoea. This affects many travellers who hail from developed nations and travel to countries with sanitation requirements that do not meet their home country’s standards. Statistics show that half of the people travelling from developed to developing countries suffer from a bout of traveller’s diarrhoea.
Typhoid fever is also a common disease among travellers. It is caused by poor or improper sanitation. Adapting a regular hand washing system and taking precautions on the food you eat or the drinks you take prevents typhoid fever.
On hepatitis, you are required to be vaccinated with some booster shots after you have received the first dose. And as a precaution, you should time and again wash your hands to avoid preventable ingestion or food consumption
With the above precautions taken into account, your travels will always be a marvel.