Italy is the birthplace of Renaissance, and millions of people visit the country to get a glimpse into the past of the majesty of the Roman Empire. Notable historical figures have ruled within the walls of Italy, Mark Antony, Constantine and Julius Caesar. The architectural wonders and monuments in Italy date back to previous centuries and stand for the great achievement behind. You are sure to get smitten with Italy, not just because of its history and art, but the fantastic food. You can rent out homes in Italy and get a great kick out of living like the locals do and get an insight into local life.
Here are the most famous monuments of Italy that are major tourist attractions.
1. The Colosseum
The first famous monument that comes in mind if the Colosseum of course. Located in Rome, it is the largest amphitheater built by the Roman Empire. It is simply amazing to see the remains of the amphitheater standing today among modern day structures. It is a reminder of the incredible architecture and traditions of the Roman past. Work on the massive oval amphitheater started in 70 AD and was based on a design borrowed from the Greeks. Gladiator games, pretended sea battles, and animal hunts were held in the Colosseum.
2. The Pantheon
The Pantheon is also situated in Rome and is counted among the famous monuments. It made as a temple that was dedicated to the gods of pagan Rome. What makes the monument so fascinating is how just a beam of light enters from the top of its dome. What is striking about the architecture is its spectacular design and elegance and harmony in its proportions. Till date, it is the best preserved Ancient Roman monument.
3. Milan Cathedral
Milan cathedral is undoubtedly one of the most spectacular buildings in Northern Italy. The cathedral in Milan took about six centuries to complete. The cathedral is one of the largest church buildings in the world and is strongly linked to the Magisterium of the Bishops and is based on gothic architecture. The cathedral is the third largest in the world.
4. The Leaning Tower of Pisa
Another main monument of Italy is indeed the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The towering structure standing on the Piazza del Duomo is famous for its greatest flaw as it leans towards one side. Visitors climb on the top of the tower to get a stunning view of the city. The leaning tower is, in fact, the city cathedral’s bell tower and there are 294 steps to climb to the top.
The ruins of the Pompeii city are a modern day tourist attraction in Italy. The eruptions of Mount Vesuvius destroyed the great city which was once home to more than 10,000 people and today it has become a historical landmark. Those desolate ruins carrying remains of houses, baths, and temples, have stood the test of time. The well-preserved ruins reflect the renowned Roman architecture. Mount Vesuvius remains active today, and the Pompeii city is a UNESCO world heritage site.
6. The Vatican
The Vatican is the center of the Vatican City and one of the well-known monuments in Italy. It boasts of priceless art and architecture that blends the old with the new. St Peter’s Basilica remains the major tourist attraction within the Vatican City. The magnificent basilica with its dramatic dome looks magnificent. Michelangelo himself painted the ceiling of the dome.
7. St Mark’s Basilica
St Mark’s Basilica in Venice remains one of the most important tourist sites. One can find tourists in front of the basilica and the famous square, Piazza San Marco. There is a vast treasure of artworks within the cathedral. The architecture of the cathedral itself is a work of art and displays a mix of architectural styles. Venice is famous for churches that are best-known examples of Italo-Byzantine architecture. The gold ground mosaics and opulent design of St Mark’s Basilica are a symbol of power and wealth.
8. Florence Duomo Santa Maria del Fiore
Florence Duomo Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral is looked upon as one of the greatest and exceptional not just in Italy, but in the world. The cathedral built in the 14th century dominates the Florence skyline. One can climb the belfry that stands about 82 meters high. Filippo Brunelleschi did Florence’s cathedral and its magnificent Renaissance dome.
9. The Roman Forum
The Roman Forum, another famous landmark in Italy, is rectangular in shape and is surrounded by ruins. The ancient plaza was built around 800BC and was once made of a busy marketplace and many government buildings. It was the central point of Roman public life and carries immense historical significance. The central square of the ancient town carries ruins of the temples and palaces. Those ancient Rome buildings do offer a magnificent sight
10. Canale Grande in Venice
Millions of tourists land in Venice every year to explore the canals and waterways of the city. The houses are erected on wooden piles, and hundreds of wooden gondolas and water taxis can be seen ferrying people across the canals. The campanile, Three bridges, and St Mark’s Cathedral are major attractions here. Grand Canal is the main waterway of Venice and divides the city into two parts. Churches, hotels, palaces and other public buildings line the Grand Canal on either side. You can gaze at Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance styles architecture from your gondola ride.